History of the Institute
Ufa Eye Research Institute is one of the leading research institutes of ophthalmology in Russia with a centurylong history.
From 2005 the Institute is headed by Mukharram Bikbov - PhD, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
The history of the institute dates back to the second half of the XIX century. In 1886 the Ufa branch of Empress Maria Alexandrovna Trusteeship of the Blind was established and in 1888 an asylum for blind adults and a specialized school for blind children were opened in Ufa. On August 11, 1901 the school was reorganized into free eye hospital with 4 beds.
Arseniy Belsky (1901-1903) became the first director of the hospital. In subsequent years, the directors of the hospital were Vladimir Sushkin (1903-1904), Anna Meyer (1904-1910 and 1920-1925), Fedor Kirkevich (1910-1914).
In 1926, because of the trachoma epidemic in Bashkiria, Bashkir Trachomatous Research Institute was established on the basis of a 50-bed regional hospital.
The first research manager and organizer was Viktor Odintsov - a leading ophthalmologist, Professor of the 1st Moscow Medical Institute. He headed the institute in 1925-1928. A great merit in the organization of the institute belongs to Gumer Kuvatov, the first People's Commissar and organizer of the public heath service in the Bashkir ASSR. It was through his efforts that the institute acquired ophthalmic equipment and medical instruments from Germany. In 1928-1932 Vladimir Tabakov was the director of the Bashkir Trachomatous Research Institute, in 1933-1934. - Joseph Agarev .
In 1932, the number of beds in the institute increased up to 150. Bacteriological and histological laboratories with special equipment were opened. Animal studies were conducted in the vivarium.
In 1934 Professor Vladimir Spassky headed the Institute. From that period a large-scale survey of the republican population for trachoma began, specially organized groups of experts provided conservative and surgical treatment locally. Spassky successfully combined scientific, pedagogical, medical and social activities aimed at treating trachoma and preventing its complications. Prof. Spassky was the author of numerous scientific articles on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of trachoma. For his great contribution to healthcare, prof. Spassky was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour and the Order of the Badge of Honor.
During the Great Patriotic War the Institute was turned into a hospital for wounded soldiers. In the post-war period (1945-1965) its research interests again focused on preventiion and treatment of trachoma and its complications. A number of works published at that period formed the basis of the fundamental study in the field of etiology and pathogenesis of the disease. Professor Gabdulla Kudoyarov, the Honorary Doctor and the Honorary Worker of Science of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, was one of the most prominent trachoma fighters. His research interests included bacteriological, virological and morphological studies of trachoma, virus and vernal conjunctivitis. As a result of deploying mass medical and public efforts, trachoma was eventually eliminated by the mid-60s. A great contirbution in organizing ophthalmic assistance to people in Bashkortostan was made by I.A. Agarev, F.Sh. Kuzyahmetova, N.Kh. Mescherova, A.V. Chubukov, G.A. Valeeva, V.A. Gizatullin, L.P. Nevzorov, F.Sh. Kurbanaeva, R.G. Kudoyarov, R.F. Voishvillo and many others.
In 1965 Bashkir Trachomatous Eye Research Institute was reorganized into Ufa Eye Research Institute. Among its major research areas of that period were the study of the effect of petrochemicals on eyes (K.R. Belenky, A.H. Giniatullina), viral eye diseases, prevention and treatment of eye injuries, strenthening of eye care services in the republic of Bashkortostan.
In the 1980s, the institute (director - Prof. MT Aznabayev) became an interregional center for microsurgery and laser treatment. New laboratories were built and equipped with modern operating microscopes, cryoextractors, phacoemulsifiers, biometers, keratometers, fundus cameras, laser systems, contact and intraocular lens manufacturing machinery. Research interests focused, at that time, on pediatric ophthalmology, medical and social rehabilitation of patients with eye injuries, etc. The main priority was given to congenital cataract surgery. A new concept was proposed, based on the idea of surgical management of congenital cataract in infants, in order to ensure early activation of visual analyzer and to prevent its functional underdevelopment. A school of pediatric ophthalmologists was established and new directions in pediatric congenital ophthalmopathology were developed.
Professor Mukharram Bikbov
Diretor of Ufa Eye Research Institute
Doctor of Medical Science (MD, PhD)
Vice-president of Russian Society of Ophthalmologists (RSO)
Chief Ophthalmologist of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan
Honoured Doctor of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Bashkortostan
At present, Ufa Research Institute is the centre for the most advanced ophthalmology technologies, including cataract surgery, retinal and vitreous pathology, refractive surgery. The Institute is a large multidisciplinary institution that carries out scientific, medical and consulting, manufacturing and educational activities.
Since 2006, there have been profound changes in research and ophthalmic practice. Currently, the Institute employs 98 ophthamologists and researchers, including 9 Doctors and 28 Candidate of Science, 2 Honorary Doctors of the Russian Federation and 9 Honorary Doctors of the Republic of Bashkortostan, 72 doctors of the 1st and higher categories.
The Institute has 5 scientific departments:
Main areas of work:
- ophthalmic and medical epidemiology
- complex treatment for corneal pathology and refractive errors
- development of new surgical techniques, laser and pharmacological methods for the rehabikitation of patients with retina and vitreous diseases
- improvement of minimally invasive ultrasound-assisted and femtosecond laser-assisted surgery for age-related and complicated cataracts
- pathogene-oriented technologies in glaucoma surgery; glaucoma prevention
- medical device development
The current stage of the Institute’s work is characterized by its further development of scientific activities with a partiular emphasis on innovative technologies and IP commercialization. Since 2007, the Institute has been planning and implementing innovative projects, developing new devices, medicines and vision-enhancing technologies. Special infrastructure was created for the effective implementation of long-term innovative projects. That was preceeded by the search and selection of specialists, able to create and introduce new medicines and medical devices. In accordance with the Russia's import substitution program, the Institute develops and produces medical devices for practical health care, which can reduce the demand for their foreign analogues, and in some cases completely replace them.
The main activity of ophthalmic and medical epidemiology department is to conduct population-based studies of cause-and-effect relationship between ophthalmology and other diseases and their link with sociodemographic factors of the population of Bashkortostan. The department staff has an active programme of scientific cooperation with leading researchers from Great Britain, Germany, Singapore, China, Finland, the USA, etc.
Сornea and lens surgery department focuses its attention on the development of diagnostic techniques and technologies for medical and surgical therapy of cornea and lens diseases, surgical correction of ametropia and medical device creation.
In the process of performing fundamental and applied research on kerathectasies, a department of cornea and lens surgery was created. The main activities are the development of diagnostic methods, technology of surgical and therapeutic methods for treating diseases of the cornea and lens, surgical correction of ametropia, and the creation of medical products.
A professional approach, an in-depth analysis of surgical results, and a constant study of the experience of colleagues allowed the Institute to create new technologies and introduce them in a number of ophthalmological clinics in Russia and other countries. Thus, the inventions of scientists in the field of ophthalmosurgery gave an aggregate of complete, complete technology for the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with degenerative cornea diseases.
Long-term work of the department staff led to the creation of an ophthalmological device "UFalink" for UV-crosslinking, the therapeutic effect of which is based on correcting the biomechanics of the pathologically changed optical structure of the eye - the cornea. The method contributes to biomechanical stabilization of the cornea with progressive and iatrogenic keratoectasias. The device "UFalink" is certified and registered in the Register of Medical Products of the Russian Federation. The scientific and technical level of the device meets the standards of foreign analogues.Created a device for monitoring the power of ultraviolet radiation UV-tester, corresponding to the requirements of GOST.
Studies at the molecular level have contributed to the development of a new ophthalmologic agent, Dextralink, which is involved in the cornea crosslinking process. Since 2009, the device and the corneoprotector have been mass-produced, repeatedly awarded diplomas and medals of exhibitions, incl. and international.
Registration of clinical studies “Standard and transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking methods in treating patients with keratectasias” and “Myoring intrastromal rings implantation combined with corneal collagen crosslinking in patients with keratoconus” in the international database of clinical studies ClinicalTrials.gov PRS (USA) testifies research international standards.
Currently, the institute is actively developing, & nbsp; experimental design samples of a whole range of medical devices are being created, in particular, the UFhallink Quant, devices for ultraviolet irradiation of the cornea of the eye, new types of photosensitizers and corneal and sclera crosslinking devices, ION ionophoresis devices, etc.
In the department of vitreoretinal and laser surgery, which was established in 2007, endovitreal surgeries are widely used, including using surgery 25 gauge, with ocular complications of diabetes mellitus, hemophthalmus of various etiologies, retinal thrombosis of the vessels. Intravitreal administration of angiogenesis inhibitors is widely used, which is a highly effective method of treating age-related macular degeneration.
The issues of pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of refractory forms of glaucoma are still relevant. Patients with this pathology are implanted at the institute with various types of drainage devices, in particular, the Ahmed valve, the shunt & nbsp; Ex-Press, drainage "Repegel", "Glautex", xenoplast, etc. In the treatment of open-angle glaucoma, canaloplasty is performed. The clinical and functional results of modern technologies of cataract surgery, including using femtosecond laser, polyartifakii method in the correction of residual ametropia in children and adolescents. & nbsp; At the institute, the 25G technique is used in congenital cataract surgery in children, which allows obtaining good anatomical and functional results, reducing the risk of complications. Employees of the Institute deal with the problems of early diagnosis and rehabilitation of children with retinopathy of prematurity and retinoblastomas.
The first among the state ophthalmologic clinics of our country at the institute began operations using a femtosecond laser for keratoplasty, cataract surgery, incl. congenital in children.
The use of high technology involves training. Since 2007, 7 Doctoral and 27 PhD theses have been defended by the Institute’s employees. Constantly involved young people to research. Repeatedly, young researchers have won republican and Russian grants. The participation of the institute's employees in the work of the All-Russian Youth Educational Forum “Seliger - 2011”, the Youth Innovation Forum of the Republic of Belarus “INNOVA-2011” provided an opportunity to present your project to business and government representatives, listen to unique educational programs, and attract investors. In 2011, a group of young scientists of the institute (PhD GM Bikbova, NE Baymukhametov, AF Habibullin) won the competition for innovative developments and was awarded the State Republican Youth Prize in science and technology. Ph.D. R.R. Fayzrakhmanov and Ph.D. A.L. In 2014, Yarmukhametova won the competition among young scientists and youth teams and was awarded the Grant of the Republic of Bashkortostan for scientific work in the form of the monograph “Age-related macular degeneration”. In 2015, young scientists of the Institute M.R. Kalanov and M.N. Astrelin became the winners of the regional stage of the All-Russian start-up tour, taking respectively I and II places in the section “Biological and Medical Technologies”. Our young employees received not only the opportunity to take part in the final stage of this competition, but also 1 million rubles for the development of innovative ideas.
The State Prize of the Republic of Bashkortostan in the field of science and technology was awarded for the creation of the Atlas of Eye Pathology for employees of the Institute (Prof. M.T. Aznabayev, Prof. V. B. Malkhanov, MD, N. Nikitin).
In 2013, the work of MM. Bikbova, G.M. Bikbova "Corneal Ectasia" was awarded the Prize of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Belarus. G.H. Kudoyarova.
For jointly with Japanese scientists to develop a unique drug for the treatment of eye diseases associated with diabetes, Bikbova G.M. She was awarded the European Association for Research on Eyes and Eye Research (EVER).
The institute closely cooperates with scientific ophthalmological schools of Russia and far abroad: Germany, Austria, Japan, India, etc. There is a constant exchange of experience in the field of mastering and introducing new technologies of surgery for socially significant diseases of the organ of vision. The international scientific and practical conferences East-West are held annually, in which well-known ophthalmologists of Russia and the world take part. Repeatedly an international team of leading experts led by prof. I. Kreissig (Germany) conducted training courses on the diagnosis and treatment of patients with retinal pathology. Broadcasting of "live surgery", the organization of tele-bridges with scientists from cities in Russia and abroad contribute to the professional growth of the institute's specialists and the training of young personnel. The results of the work of scientific schools are published in leading medical journals, monographs, methodical recommendations, and are covered in the mass media.
International cooperation is carried out in the implementation of joint research projects. Thus, for three years, the institute scientists carried out a joint with Switzerland program “Luminous” for the treatment of patients with age-related macular degeneration. Currently, a joint study is being carried out with scientists from the University of Heidelberg (Germany) and the Royal College (United Kingdom) to identify ophthalmopathology among the population of Ufa and the regions of the Republic of Belarus - the Ufa Eye and Medical Study (UEMS). Together with German ophthalmologists, work continues on treating children with amblyopia using modern computer technology, the results of which are highly appreciated by German ophthalmologists at the congress of the Saxon Ophthalmological Society.
The clinic of the institute is represented by 5 microsurgical departments, an adult and children's consultative polyclinic; functional diagnostics departments; in-patient technology, ambulatory and ambulatory surgery with a laser department.
The provision of medical care in the Ufa Eye Research Institute as part of the compulsory health insurance program ensures full access to the most modern ophthalmologic technologies to all residents of the republic and regions of the Russian Federation. The use of high-tech operations in the clinic has been made: femto-assisted surgery of the cornea and the lens, all forms of the region tel, endovitrealnaya technology closing retinal tears, laser surgery, drainage surgery glaucoma, imp Lanta modern models of IOL, including additional lenses for ametropia and premium lenses.
Despite the presence of a large number of private ophthalmologic clinics, a large number of patients seek treatment at the institute, which indicates trust in a public institution. including more than 2 thousand - to children. The clinic receives annual consultation of more than 70 thousand people. The number of treated patients with such socially significant diseases as cataracts increased 12 times, retinal diseases - almost 15 times.
All our achievements would have been impossible without a strong and cohesive team of like-minded ophthalmologists seeking to be the best in their profession. And they are. So, the institute's doctors repeatedly became winners of the republican contest “Best Doctor of the Year” in the “Ophthalmologist” nomination. "The best ophthalmologist." A group of employees in the composition of Ph.D. Sh.R. Kuzbekova, Ph.D. A.R. Halimova, S.V. Kharitonov and M.R. Kalanova was recognized as the winners of the republican competition in the nomination “For the creation of a new treatment method” For unique technologies and successful work of the head of the children's microsurgical department, Dr. med. I.S. Zaydullina was recognized as the best ophthalmologist in Russia.
Employees of the institute not only constantly improve their educational level by participating in international congresses and symposia, while studying at leading world clinics, but also try to share their knowledge. Specialists from the Republic of Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Yemen, Germany, Malaysia and other countries study or improve their qualifications on the basis of the scientific and educational department of the institute.
In recent years, a complete reconstruction of the operating rooms and the equipment of the institute’s buildings has been carried out. The range of modern diagnostic ultrasound, immunological, virological, biochemical, and electrophysiological research methods is expanding. & Nbsp; Renewal of the material and technical base of the institute and advanced training of specialists contribute to reducing the number of blind and visually impaired people in the republic and the Russian Federation.
The scientific and clinical contribution of the institute to the development of the republic was noted by the Head of the Republic of Bashkortostan RZ. Khamitov during the solemn event at the International Conference on Ophthalmology "East-West" in 2016